Following the date when the village of simple cottages named Leamington Priors quickly morphed into a burgeoning town, people have been building in Royal Leamington Spa for over 200 years. Many of the run-of-the-mill homes of the early nineteenth century were probably built to designs devised by the builders and the future owners with no input from a recognised architect (it may be noted that the Institute of British Architects was not founded until 1834 and it became ‘Royal’ as the RIBA just three years later). At the other end of the scale some notable architects with national reputations have left their very significant marks in the town.
A man who has left the results of much research about architects and who wrote two books about the town was an architect himself; he was Lyndon Cave. He was a member of the Leamington History Group and has left some of the fruits of his research with us and we have added to it. We now wish to share some of the information that we have gathered with the wider world.
This page lists over 40 architects who have been involved in the design of buildings or the layout of the town. As time goes by we intend to add individual pages for some of the busiest and most prominent of these architects. Links are provided to pages about just a few of these architects at the present time. [Note that TBA means ‘To Be Added’].
Adams, H Percy. (Dates TBA). He took over as the honorary architect for the Warneford Hospital from W Hawley Hall (is this the right Hall) in 1921 when an extension was opened – unclear who designed the extension. He designed an extension and a nurses’ home at the hospital in 1928. He was also involved with the redesign of baths into plombieres at the Royal Pump Rooms in 1923. No record has been found of him after 1929.
Adams, Robert. (Dates TBA). He probably designed some houses in Portland Place around 1908.
AT Architects. This company was founded before 2000 and was active in Leamington Spa around 2007. Their notable achievement is Station House, substantial student accommodation of about 207 bed-spaces in Old Warwick Road.
Bannister, TC. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1821. Notable achievements: TBA
Bateman, Joseph. Dates: TBA to 1857. Active in Leamington Spa from about 1830 to 1857. Partner with George Drury from about 1848. A notable achievement was that he published a book of 33 designs for agricultural buildings.
Beazley, Samuel. Dates: 1786 to 1851 and active in Leamington Spa from about 1825 to 1835. Notable achievements were that he was especially recognised nationally for designs of theatres; he designed several houses in the Quarry Fields area of Leamington (around Portland Place).
Clutton, Henry. Dates: 1819 to 1893. He was based in London and active in Leamington Spa in 1862. His single notable achievement in the town was the Roman Catholic Church of St Peter in Dormer Place.
Courtart, William Ritson. Dates TBA. Listed in a directory in 1835.
Crouch, Joseph. Dates: 1859 to 1936 and active in Leamington Spa from about 1900 to 1930. Notable achievements were several houses in Tachbrook Road.
Cundall, John. Dates: 1830 to 1899. He was very active in Leamington Spa from about 1850 to 1887. Notable achievements were a significant and substantial portfolio in the town, notably the Town Hall in the Parade and, perhaps more controversially, the Hitchman fountain in the Jephson Gardens. Click here for more.
de Normanville, William Louis. Dates: 1843 to 1928. He was Leamington Spa town engineer from 1882 to 1917. Notable achievements were structures made of iron including Adelaide Bridge, York footbridge, the swimming pool roof at the Royal Pump Room (now the library) and Mill (foot) Bridge. Click here for more.
Dowler, William. Dates: TBA. Listed in a directory in 1840 . Notable achievements: TBA
Drury, George. Dates TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1840 . Partner with Joseph Bateman. Notable achievements: TBA .
Fedeski, Henry. Dates: 1907 to 1993. Active in Leamington Spa perhaps from 1935 to 1975. Associated with the partnership known as Rayner and Fedeski. Notable achievements are the Library and Roman Catholic Church in Valley Road, Lillington.
Gascoyne, William. Dates 1827 to 1902. Active from about 1852 to 1885. William Gascoyne was a prominent builder and contractor in the town from about 1852. In 1870 the business adopted the title ‘W Gascoyne and Son, Architects, Surveyors and Contractors of Leamington and Beckenham, Kent’. It remains to be determined whether the son James was an architect. Click Here for More
Gibberd, Sir Frederick. Dates: 1908 to 1984. Active in Leamington Spa from around 1959 when he was appointed consultant architect to the borough council. Notable achievements are the layout of the initial part of the Sydenham Farm estate and also the area around Kennedy Square.
Hakewill, Henry. Dates: 1771 to 1830. Active in Leamington Spa around 1817. His notable achievement was that he prepared a plan for the development of part of Edward Willes’ estate in 1817 which was only partly implemented.
HLM Architects. This firm was founded in 2004 and was active in Leamington Spa from 2009 to 2010. The notable achievement is the design of the Justice Centre in Newbold Terrace.
Jackson, John George. Dates: 1798 to 1852. Active in Leamington Spa from about 1833 to 1852. Notable achievements were a wide range of projects from the Episcopal chapel (Christ Church) and the East Lodge at Willes Road in the Jephson Gardens, to advice on improving the Victoria Bridge.
Johnson, Alex. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1862 to 1865. Notable achievements: TBA.
Kempson, John. See Josiah Robins.
Lee, Charles Edward. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from about 1901 to 1927. Partner with Quick. Several notable achievements including the hall at the Wesleyan church in Dale Street.
Lee, FWH. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1923??. A notable achievements was extension of Burgis and Colbourne’s store on the Parade.
Mitchell, Edmund (or sometimes Edward). Dates: TBA to 1860. Active in Leamington Spa from 1828 to 1861. Partner with John Russell. Notable achievements were the Roman Catholic church of St Peter in George Street in 1828 and the clocktower at the parish church in 1848.
Morgan, James. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1827. A notable achievement was that he prepared designs for the land which became Jephson Gardens for Edward Willes in 1827.
Nash, John. Dates: 1752 to 1835. Active in Leamington Spa around 1827. A national figure, later in partnership with James Morgan. Notable achievements were a plan for Newbold Comyn for Edward Willes and the Willes Road bridge.
Neville, Joseph. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1832 to 1838. A notable achievement was involvement in the design of Clarence Terrace and he also designed several buildings in surrounding villages.
Nicklin, Samuel Edward Kettle. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1827 to 1863. Notable achievements were that he was involved with buildings in the area of Portland Street and also an early work was the Mill Street (Lady Huntingdon’s) chapel, later replaced on the site by the existing Urquhart Hall.
Oates, CJ. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1833 to 1838. Notable achievements: TBA .
PLB, Architecture. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 2003. A notable achievement was the Jephson Gardens Glasshouse in 2003.
Quick, ??. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1910. Notable achievements: TBA . See Charles Edward Lee.
Robins, Josiah. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1809 to 1815. Partner of John Kempson. Notable achievements: TBA.
Robinson, ??. Dates: TBA. Dates Active in Leamington Spa TBA . Notable achievements: TBA.
Robinson, GT. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1855 to 1865. Notable achievements: TBA.
Robinson, Peter Frederick. Dates: 1776 to 1858. Active in Leamington Spa from 1823 to 1830. Famed as a designer of country houses and cottages. Notable achievements include Copps Royal Hotel in High Street and Binswood Cottage in Clarendon Square (currently renamed Magnolia Cottage).
Russell, John. Dates: TBA to 1841. Active in Leamington Spa from 1821 to 1840. Partner with Edmund Mitchell. For notable achievements see Edmund Mitchell. (Not to be confused with a contemporary John Russell at the Bath Hotel).
Russell, William. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1861 to 1888. Son of the John Russell who owned the Bath Hotel (no known relationship with the architect John Russell referred to earlier). Notable achievements were houses of various sizes pretty well all over the town.
Sanders, Richard. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa: TBA to TBA. A notable achievement was that he designed the first terrace of 28 houses south from what was the Upper Assembly on the west side of the Parade. See also Treadgold, William 2.
Scott, George Gilbert (junior). Dates: 1839 to 1897. Active in Leamington Spa from 1875 to 1877. Son of Sir George Gilbert Scott. His notable achievements were St Marks church and the associated vicarage.
Scott, Sir George Gilbert (senior). Dates: 1811 to 1878. Active in Leamington Spa around 1855. His notable achievement was that as an architect with a national reputation he advised on improvements to the parish church, especially the weakness of the existing structure beneath a proposed central tower.
Sherwood, Edmund James. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1884 to 1885. A notable achievement was that he was employed by the central office of the Salvation Army in London and designed the Citadel in Park Street.
Smith, Charles S. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from about 1808 to 1818. Conflicting sources about whether he was based in London or Warwick; or perhaps there were two people with this name. Most references are to CS Smith of Warwick and just one of these reference has been identified which relates to a letter about Stoneleigh Abbey which implies that the letter was posted in London. Notable achievements were that he designed several key buildings in the town including the Upper Assembly on the corner of the Parade and Regent Street (on a site well known as Woodward’s), the Royal Pump Room and the Regent Hotel.
Note that this Smith should not be confused with the famed ‘Smith of Warwick’ who was Francis Smith, 1672 to 1738, a century earlier. Francis was known for designing many large country houses in the Midlands.
Squirhill, Daniel Goodman. Dates: 1808 (or 1809) to 1863. Active in Leamington Spa from 1834 to 1863. Occasionally incorrectly named as David. Notable achievements were many activities including a role as a Commisioner and then Surveyor for the town and he designed the two lodges for the Jephson Gardens at the entrance from the Parade.
Taylor, J. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1830. Notable achievements TBA.
Thomas, William. Dates: 1799 to 1860. Active in Leamington Spa from 1831 (he moved from Birmingham) to 1843. Notable achievements include many key projects, in Classical and Gothic styles, including Lansdowne Circus and Lansdowne Crescent, Victoria House, Victoria Terrace and a terrace in Bath Street. He struggled after the financial storm following the collapse of a bank in town and moved to Toronto in Canada where he continued to design many key buildings and is acclaimed. Click here for more.
Timms, Francis James. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1840. Notable achievements: TBA.
Treadgold, Edward. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1816 to 1833. He took over the business of William West, builder, when West became bankrupt. Notable achievements: TBA.
Treadgold, Thomas. Dates: 1778 to 1814. Active in Leamington Spa from perhaps 1800 to 1814; he died at the early age of 36; he was usually noted as builder. Notable achievements TBA.
Treadgold, William 1. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from about 1783 to 1801. A notable achievement was that he was probably involved with repairs to what later was named Victoria Bridge.
Treadgold, William 2. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1808. A notable achievement was that he was involved with Richard Sanders in designing the first terrace of houses on the Parade (see Sanders above)
Watson, Charles. Dates: 1812 to TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1862 to 1901. Notable achievements were that, although based in Leamington, he was involved with the designs of several new churches in local villages; in 1878 he started Napton brickworks.
Watson, Frederick Payne. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa from 1838 to 1857. Notable achievements were drawing maps of the town published by Beck.
Watson, W. Dates: 1812 to 1879; Active in Leamington Spa area from around 1837. A notable achievement was Warwick Hospital.
White, William. Dates: 1825 to 1900. He was named locally as articled to Daniel G Squirhill until 1847 and probably helped in the design of buildings for Cundall; he then moved to Truro. No notable achievements recorded locally.
Whitwell, Thomas Stedman. Dates: TBA to 1840. Active in Leamington Spa from about 1820 to 1822. Stedman is noted for his plans around 1820 for a Utopian community development in the area of Charlotte Street which was heralded with the name Southville; it was not built. He went on to desin buildings in Coventry and a theatre in London, none of which survive.
Wills, ??. Dates: TBA. Active in Leamington Spa around 1846. One contribution was that he was involved with Hopton, a nurseryman, in drawing up plans for the layout of Jephson Gardens which were not used.
Mick Jeffs, January 2020